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Characteristics of Body Length Composition of Gymnast Champions in Olympic Games
Gymnast’s body length is one important thing in order to do movements in artistic gymnastics. Data show that the gymnast champions have average height and tend to short. The purposes of current study were to identify and to elucidate variables in ideal body length in world gymnast champions. This is descriptive study. Image analysis (Software Ukuran Gambar Nyata ‘UGN’) was used to emphasize on gross measurement about body length composition of world gymnast involves height, upper body length, limbs length, upper limbs length, lower limbs length, upper arm length, and lower arm length to identify the ideal composition. Data collection was done through browsing, 75 gymnast (male and female) champions of all around in Olympic Games. Profile of Olympic Games all around gymnast is diverse, but most of them are categorized in small, low in body mass, and they are dominantly ectomorph type. This is probably as a physiological adaptation in order mastering the movement in all equipments. The ideal standard of height (162-169 cm) and ideal ration of body length composition of male gymnast champions is 41% - 44% for upper body, and 55% - 56% for lower body, while in female 151-161 cm for the ideal height, and ideal ratio of body length is 40% - 45% (upper body) and 55% - 56% (lower body).

artistic gymnastics, body length composition, elite sport

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